Local Name Lampan Sungai
English Name Scwanenfeldii's Barb or Barboides
Scientific Name Puntius schwanenfeldii
Size Average size between 10 - 25 centimetres and weighs about 200 - 600 g. Possible to reach a maximum size of 30 centimetres and weights more than 1.0 kg
Morphology Diamond-shaped body. Presence of orange and black colouration on the pelvic fins and caudal fin lobes. Body, silverish white
Biology The spawners are known to shed their eggs in the upstream of rivers. The young will remain in the rivers until they become fingerlings before they migrate to other parts of the lake. Most tend to colonize the rivers while some move to the lake proper to colonize. The diet consist of filamentous algae, insects and debris
Distribution Known to be widely spread in the lake and in the rivers
Importance It is the most dominant species landed by fishermen. Readily accepted by locals due to its tasty meat. Market price ranges from RM4.00 to RM6.00. Potential for aquaculture especially in ponds or aquariums.
Local Name Baung
English Name Catfish
Scientific Name Mystus sp
Species There are three species. Baung Kunyit (Mystus wyckii) the largest species but rarely found, Baung Sungai (M. nemurus) medium size and most commonly found, and Baung Akar (M. cavasius) the smallest species is rarely found.
Size Size of Baung Sungai between 10 - 25 centimetres and weighs 200 g to 1 kg. Baung Kunyit can reach a length of 65.0 cm and weighs over 7.00 kg.
Morphology Presence of 4 pairs of barbels on the head, dorsal and pectoral spines. Baung Sungai, dark in colour, Baung Kunyit, yellowish, and Baung Akar brownish.
Biology Diet consists of fish, shrimps and insects
Distribution Confined to rivers and areas near the river mouth and also the littoral area
EconomicImportance One of the dominant species landed by fishermen. Market price is between RM6.0 to RM8.00. Has potential in aquaculture especially in pond and cage culture.
Local Name Toman
English Name Snakehead
Scientific Name Channa micropeltes
Size Can easily attain a length of 1.0 metre and weighs more that 10 kg.
Biology Being a carnivore the diet consists mainly of smaller fishes. They go up river to spawn in small pools where the water is calm and there is a presence of dried leaves. Eggs are deposited onto the leaves and the will guard the eggs until they hatch. They have very strong maternal instincts. They guard the youngs even when they migrate downstream. Sometimes shoals of the young, with reddish stripes along the body can be seen swimming around with the parents close by
Distribution Found in rivers, littoral and open water areas.
Importance In fresh form the demand is not very good. Formally the market price was only RM2.0- RM3.00 per kg. In its dried form they have good export potential, and fetch between RM8.00 - RM10.00. Now the fresh fish fetches quite a high prices as they are exported to Singapore.
Local Name Terbul
English Name Hasselt's bony lipped barb
Scientific Name Osteochilus hasselti
Size Medium size between 10 - 15 centimetres and weighs 100 - 200 g. Can grow to more than 20.0 cm in length. Does not grow to very big size.
Morphology Presence of black dots at the caudal fin. Body, silverish black.
Biology Mode of reproduction is not known. Feeds on algae and smaller plants
Distribution Found mainly in rivers and their tributaries
Importance In the fresh form it is less valuable. Tastes better when it is dried. No potential value, perhaps potential for aquarium fish trade. Cannot be caught using fishing rods as they do not take live bait.
Local Name Chemperas / Temperas
English Name River barb
Scientific Name Cyclocheilichthys apogon
Size Size ranges form 10 - 15 centimetres and can attain weight of about 150 - 200 g. Can grow up to 25.0 cm and attains a weight of 400 - 500 g
Morphology Ten rows of black spotted stripes on the body. Body, whitish grey.
Biology Mode of reproduction unknown. Diet consists mainly of insects and detritus
Distribution Widely spread in the rivers and lake
Importance Not readily accepted by locals in its fresh state. Has a market potential in its dry form
Local Name Kawan
English Name Friendly barb
Scientific Name Labiobarbus lineatus
Morphology Presence of black streaks corresponding to longitudinal rows of scales.
Biology Mode of reproduction not known. Diet consists mainly of detritus.
Distribution Found mainly in rivers and the littoral areas.
Importance In its fresh state not readily accepted by consumers as it is very bony. Has a market potential if it is dried.
Local Name Tengas / Tengas Daun
English Name Carp
Scientific Name Accrosocheilus deauratus
Size Average size between 10 - 15 centimetres and weighs about 200 - 500 g. Can attain a size of 30 cm in length and 2.0 kg in weight.
Morphology Presence of tubercles on snout in front of eyes. Last dorsal spine denticulated. Colour, greenish white
Biology Mode of reproduction not known but they go up river to spawn. They also like to play in the rapids. Diet consists of plant materials and insects.
Distribution Confined to rivers only
Importance Readily accepted by locals due to its good taste.
Local Name Rong batu / selimang
English Name Carp
Scientific Name Tylognathus caudimaculatus
Size Size range between 8 - 12 centimetres and weighs 50 - 100 g. Can easily reach a length of 15 cm and weights 150 g.
Morphology Cylindrical body and rounded snout. Presence of rough bony grove on the head region. Body, silverish white
Biology Mode of reproduction not known. Feeds on detritus, algae and worms.
Distribution Found in rivers and their tributaries, usually hidden under rocks in the riverbed
Importance Has potential in the aquarium industry.
Local Name Tapah
English Name Giant river catfish
Scientific Name Wallago leerii
Size Can reach a length of more than one metre and weighs up to 20 kg.
Biology Being a carnivore the diet consists of fish, shrimps and other living organisms. They spawn in the river where there are sandy beds. The spawners go in pairs and deposit eggs on the sand. They guard the eggs until they hatch.
Distribution Known to exist in Sungai Leban
Importance Perhaps has potential in the aquarium industry.
Local Name Kalui
English Name Giant gouramy
Scientific Name Osphronemus goramy
Size Specimens with a total length of 1.5 cm and body weight of 1.0 kg are common though smaller fish are found in plentiful supply.
Biology Air-breather. Being a herbivore the diet consists of soft vegetation, insects and worms.
Distribution Dominant in the rivers than in the lake.
Importance Accepted by most people. Market price ranges from RM4.00 - RM5.00. Potential for aquaculture especially in ponds and cages, as well as in the aquarium industry.
Local Name Belida
English Name Feather back
Scientific Name Notopterus sp.
Size There are two species N. notopterus, silverish in colour and N. chitala, silverish bluish with blue spots or circles at the tail part.
Morphology The shape is like a sickle with an upward curved tail.
Biology Mode of reproduction not known. Diet consists of smaller fishes and shrimps
Distribution Found in rivers and the lake proper.
Importance A good potential for the aquarium industry, especially the spotted Belida.
Local Name Kelisa
English Name Green Arowana
Scientific Name Sckerophagus formosus
Morphology Knife-shaped body. Presence of terminal barbells at the mouth. Can grow to over 1.0 metre in length
Biology Mode of reproduction not known but most probably spawn in the rivers. Feeds on insects and other small fishers.
Distribution Known to exist in Sungai Kerbat and Sungai Siput.
Importance Has very good potential in the aquarium industry.
Local Name Buntal
English Name Puffer fish
Scientific Name Tetraodon sp.
Morphology Body oval and rounded in shape. Able to inflate the body until spherical when threatened. Can grow up to 10.0 centimetres
Biology Mode of reproduction not known. Diet consists of insects and green vegetation.
Distribution Not easily found in the lake.
Importance A good potential for the aquarium industry.
Local Name Lalang / aur / parang
English Name Glass barb
Scientific Name Chela anomalura
Size Medium between 5-15 centimetres and weighs about 30-70 g.
Morphology Body elongated and sharply compressed with the mouth directed upwards. Colour, silverish white and scales are small.
Biology Mode of reproduction not known. Diet consists mainly of insects, algae and soft aquatic plants.
Distribution Found mainly in the river mouth and littoral areas
Importance Not readily accepted by the locals due its bony nature. May have potential if it is dried and salted.
Pictures & Notes exracted from : http//: tasikkenyir.tripod.com
Categories: Tours Terengganu