Friday, December 9, 2011

Lunar Eclipse

Posted by Hashim Abd Ghani On 5:58 PM

Astronomy Unit of the Faculty of Islamic Contemporary Studies of Sultan Zainal Abbdin University, Kuala Terengganu  issued a statement that on the 10th December 2011 there will be a full lunar eclipse. The moon  will experience a total eclipse for about 48 minutes, looked like a giant ball of copper due to dispersion of yellow light from the shadows outside. Intermediate level is counted a total eclipse occurred at about 10:32 pm when the three celestial bodies of the moon, earth and sun are in the position of a line and a plane for about 48 minutes.

The moon will circulate with a relative speed of 1,800 kph and will enter the outer earth's shadow zone at 07.33 pm. The earth's shadow will begin to affect the right of the moon exactly at 8:46 pm marks the beginning phase of a lunar eclipse and the time taken by the dark shadows to sweep the entire face of the moon is only 75 minutes. It marks the sacred full moon phase the same migratory 1433 eclipse and the duration of the peak moon beyond the shadow of the earth is about three hours 22 minutes until the eclipse ends at 12:18 am.

Prayer lunar eclipse in this country can be done as soon as the earth's shadow began to appear on the surface of the moon at about 8:46 at night.

'A'ishah رضي الله عنها narrated that, “There was a solar eclipse during the life-time of Allah's Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم. The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم led the people in prayer, and stood up and performed a lengthy recital during the prayer. Then bowed for a long while (made a long Rukuk). He stood up again and performed another long recital of the Qur'an, but this time the period of standing (Qiyam) was shorter than the first one. He bowed again for a long time but shorter than the first one (Rukuk), then he prostrated and prolonged the prostration. He did the same in the second Rak'ah as he did in the first and then finished the prayer. By then the sun (eclipse) had cleared. He delivered the Khutbah (sermon) and after praising and glorifying Allah, he said:

“The sun and the moon are two signs from amongst Allah’s signs and they do not eclipse because of the death or life of anyone. Therefore, whenever you see an eclipse, remember Allah and say Takbir (exclaim, Allah is Most Great), pray and give Sadaqah (charity).”

The related narrations of the Noble Quran :

وَهُوَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ اللَّيْلَ وَالنَّهَارَ وَالشَّمْسَ وَالْقَمَرَ كُلٌّ فِي فَلَكٍ يَسْبَحُونَ (٣٣)

“And He it is Who has created the night and day, and the sun and the moon, each in the floating orbit”.  ( Al-Anbiyâ’ 21 : 33)

الَّذِينَ يَذْكُرُونَ اللَّهَ قِيَامًا وَقُعُودًا وَعَلَى جُنُوبِهِمْ وَيَتَفَكَّرُونَ فِي خَلْقِ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالأرْضِ رَبَّنَا مَا خَلَقْتَ هَذَا بَاطِلا سُبْحَانَكَ فَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ (١٩١)
“Those who remember Allâh (always, and in prayers) standing, sitting, and lying down on their sides, and think deeply about the creation of the heavens and the earth, (saying): “Our Lord ! You have not created (all) this without purpose, glory to You ! (Exalted are You above all that they associate with You as partners. Give us salvation from the torment of the Fire”. ( Âl-‘Imrân 3 : 191).  


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