Sunday, December 25, 2011

Al-Masjid al-Nabawi

Posted by Hashim Abd Ghani On 11:57 PM

Al-Masjid al-Nabawi, often called the Prophet's Mosque, is a mosque situated in the city of Madinah. As the final resting place of the Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم , it is considered the second holiest site in Islam by Muslims (the first being the Masjidil  al-Haram in Makkah) and is one of the largest mosques in the world. The mosque is under the control of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques.     

One of the most notable features of the site is the Green Dome over the center of the mosque, where the tomb of Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم , is located. It is not exactly known when the green dome was constructed but manuscripts dating to the early 12th century describe the dome. It is known as the Dome of the Prophet or the Green Dome. Subsequent Islamic rulers greatly expanded and decorated it. The first two Rashidun Caliphs ,  Abu Bakar and Umar  رضي الله عنهما  are buried in an adjacent area in the mosque.



The site was originally Muhammad's house; he settled there after his Hijra (emigration) to Madinah, later building a mosque on the grounds. He himself shared in the heavy work of construction. The original mosque was an open-air building. The basic plan of the building has been adopted in the building of other mosques throughout the world.

The mosque also served as a community center, a court, and a religious school. There was a raised platform for the people who taught the Qur'an. In 1909, it became the first place in the Arabian Peninsula to be provided with electrical lights.

‘Ziarah’ or visting  Madinah al-Munawwarah is encouraged for all Muslims during the pilgrimage  of Hajj and Umrah.

Hadiths of Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم :

صلاةٌ في مَسْجِدِي أفْضَلُ مِنْ ألفِ صلاَةٍ في ما سواهُ إلا المسجدَ الحرامَ.
“Prayer in my mosque is better than a thousand prayers elsewhere, except in the Sacred Mosque ..”
[رواه أحمد]


مَنْ زاَرَنِي بَعْدَ بَعْدَ وفاَتِي فَكَأَنَّماَ زاَرَنِي في حَياَتِي.
“Of visited me after my death if he visited me in my life”.
[رواه ابن عدي]


مَنْ زاَرَ قَبْرِي وَجَبَتْ لَهُ شَفاَعَتِي.
“Visited the graves and be assured of my intercession”.
[رواه ابن خزيمة]

لا تُشَدُّ الرِّحالُ إلا إلى ثلاثةِ مساجدَ: المسجدِ الحرامِ ومسجِدِي هَذاَ وَالْمَسْجِدِ الأَقْصَى.

“No journey except to three mosques: the Sacred Mosque and the mosque is the Al-Aqsa Mosque”.
[رواه البخاري ومسلم]


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