Friday, November 25, 2011

The Monuments of ‘Taman Tamadun Islam’ Terengganu

Posted by Hashim Abd Ghani On 11:15 PM

‘Taman Tamadun Islam’ (TTI) – Islam Civilization  Monument Park provides its visitors with a unique experience by featuring 22 great Islamic Monuments that reminisce the rise of Islam into a sophisticated global religion. It is situated at the bank of Terengganu River, Kuala Terengganu.

National Mosque, Kuala Lumpur, 

Built in 1965 as a tribute to Malaysia’s first Prime Minister, its main roof is reminiscent of an open Royal Parasol, and the minaret’s cap a folded one.

 Kudus Al-Minar Mosque, Central Java,

Built in 1549 by Sunan Kudus (Ja’far Shodiq), its unique feature is the harmonization of Hindu-Javanese style with an Islamic function, epitomized in its tower resembling a Chandi, typically found in Hindu temples.

 Pattani Mosque, Thailand

Built in 1954 during the administration of Field Marshal Sarit, this mosque resembling the Taj Mahal is the focal point of Thai Muslims and a centre for religious ceremonies.

 Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin Mosque, 
Brunei Darussalam

Built in 1958 in Bandar Seri Begawan and named after the 28th Sultan of Brunei, this mosque was designed by an Italian architect. Its golden-domed structure is the tallest building in the city.

 Taj Mahal, Agra, India

The fifth Mughal emperor Shah Jahan built Taj Mahal in loving memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal, as a symbol of his eternal love for her.

 Badshahi Mosque, Lahore, Pakistan

Once, the largest the mosque in the world with a capacity of 65,000 Muslims, this mosque was built in 1673 A.D. by Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb Alamgir.

 Dome of The Rock (Qubbah As-Sakhrah)
Baitul Muqqaddis, Palestine

Built in 692 C.E. under the patronage of the Umayyad Caliph Abdul Al – Malik ibn Marwan, it enshrines the Sacred Rock and commemorates the Prophet Muhammad’s Ascension to the heavens to visit God.

Great Mosque of Samara, Iraq

Commissioned by Abbasid caliph Al-Mutawakkil in the 19th century and built entirely of bricks and clay, today it stands majestically in the largest ancient city in the world, just north of Baghdad.

Lutfallah Mosque, Iran

An outstanding example of Islamic architecture and once used as a royal mosque, it was built in the 17th century by Sheikh Lutfallah Maisi Al-Amili, a distinguished scholar and teacher.

 Mausoleum of Abu Nasr Parsa, Afganistan

Built in the 17th century in Timurid style, the shrine in this octagonal structure is dedicated to an eminent theologian, Khwaja Abu Nasr Parsa who was a spiritual leader of the Naqshbandi order.

The Sacred Mosque (Masjidil Haram), 
Makkah, Saudi Arabia

This mosque houses the holiest place in the world for all Muslims, the Ka’bah in Arabic, Ka’bah means “a high place with respect and prestige” and Muslims all over the world face the Ka’bah during prayers.

Aleppo Citadel, Syria

Estimated to have been built during the 10th Century B.C, it became a citadel under the Seleucids. Saladin’s son, Ghazi used it both as a residence and fortress.

Mohammad Ali Mosque 
(Alabaster Mosque), Egypt

Also known as the Alabaster Mosque owing to the extensive use of this fine material, this mosque was built by Mohamed Ali whose reign is known as the beginning of the Egyptian renaissance.

The Prophet’s Mosque (Al-Nabawi), 
Madinah, Saudi Arabia

Madinah, in full is Madinat Rasul Allah which means “City of the Prophet of Allah” and is the second holiest site in Islam. This mosque was built on the site of Muhammad’s home and where he was buried.

Suleyman Mosque, Istanbul, Turkey

This mosque was built in 1557, during the 46 year reign of Suleyman of the Ottoman Empire. It housed infirmaries, a medical school, a hospital, shops, cells and arms-houses.

 The Great Mosque of Qairawan, Tunisia

Built in 670 by Uqba ibn Nafi, this is the oldest Islamic monument in Tunisia with the oldest dated minaret. Today, having been rebuilt three times, this mosque symbolises equality in Qairawan.

 Al-Hambra Citadel, Granada, Spain

Al-Hambra (Red Castle) is an ancient palace and fortress complex built between 1238-1354, in the reigns of Mohammed bin Ahmar, the first Nasrid King.

 Kalyan Minaret, Uzbekistan

Built in 1127 A.D. by Arslan-Khan, the minaret, made of baked bricks, is a flawless example of both civil engineering and superior architectural creation.

Agadez Grand Mosque, Niger

Built in the 16th century when the city was at its height, this mosque is made of dried earth and is topped by a pyramid-shaped minaret spiked with 13 rows of stakes to strengthen the structure.

 Kul Sharif Mosque, Russia

Once left in ruins, the reconstruction of this mosque following the collapse of the Soviet Union is reflective of Kazan’s 1,000 year long history and its design is reminiscent of the historical surrounding of the Kremlin.

Minaret of Xian, China

This mosque that was founded in 1392 by Naval Admiral Haj Cheng Ho during the Tang Dynasty typifies a Buddhist temple, however its grand axis is aligned from east to west, facing Mecca.

 Sultan Mosque, Singapore

Masjid Sultan is located at Muscat Street and North Bridge Road within the Kampong Glam district of Rochor Planning Area in Singapore. The mosque is considered one of the most important mosques in Singapore. The prayer hall and domes highlight the mosque's star features.

When Singapore was ceded to the British in 1819, Temenggong Abdul Rahman, the island's chief, and Sultan Hussain Shah of Johore, under whose jurisdiction Singapore fell, acquired small fortunes in exchange for their power. Sir Stamford Raffles also granted the Temenggong and the Sultan an annual stipend and the use of Kampong Glam for their residence.

The area around Kampong Glam was also allocated for Malays and other Muslims. Hussain built a palace there and brought his family and a complete entourage from the Riau islands. Many of the Sultan's and Temenggong's followers came to Kampong Glam from the Riau Islands, Malacca and Sumatra.

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