Saturday, November 19, 2011

Hadith 2 - Islam, Iman, Ihsan, Qadar

Posted by Hashim Abd Ghani On 10:47 PM


Also on the authority of 'Umar  رضي الله عنه, who said:  "While we were one day sitting with the Messenger of Allah, صل الله عليه وسلم , there appeared before us a man dressed in extremely white clothes and with very black hair. No traces of journeying were visible on him, and none of us knew him. He sat down close by the Prophet صل الله عليه وسلم , rested his knee against his and placing his hands on his thighs, and said, “O Muhammad! Inform me about Islam”.

عَنْ عُمَرَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ أَيْضًا قَالَ : بَيْنَهَا نَحْنُ جُلُوْسٌ عِنْدَ رَسُوْلِ اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلِّمَ ذَات يَوْمٍ إِذْ ظَلَعَ عَلَيْنَا رَجُـلٌ شَدِيْدُ بَيَاضِ الثِّيَابِ شَديْدُ سَوَ ادِ الشَّعَرِ لاَيُرَى عَلَيْهِ أَثَرُ السَّفَرِ وَلاَيَعْرِ فُهُ مِنَّا أَحَدٌ حَتَّى جَلَسَ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى عَلَيْهِ وَسَلِّمَ فَأَسْنَدَ رُكْبَتَيْهِ إِلَى كْبَتَيْهِ وَوَضَعَ كَفَّيْهِ عَلَى فَخِذَيْه وَقَالَ : يَامُحَمَّدُ أَخْبِرْ نِيْ عَنِ الاَءِسْلاَم

The messenger of Allah said: "Islam is to testify that there is no god but Allah and Muhammed is the messenger of Allah, to perform the prayers, to pay the zakat, to fast in Ramadhan, and to make the pilgrimage to the House if you are able to do so."

فَقَالَ رَسُولُ الله صَلَّى عَلَيْهِ وَسَلِّمَ : اَلاْءِسْلاَمِ أَنْ تَشْهَدَ أَنْ لاَإلَهَ اللهُ وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّدًارَسُوْلُ اللهُ, وَتُقِيْمَ الصَّلاَةَ, وَتُؤْتِيَ الزَّكَاةَ, وَتَصُوْمَ رَمَضَانَ, وَتَحُخَّ الْبَيْتتَ إِنِ اسْتَطَعْتَ إِلَيْهِ سَبِيْلاً

Said he (the man), "You have spoken truly." We were astonished at his thus questioning him and telling him that he was right, but he went on to say, "Inform me about iman (faith).”

قَالَ : صَدَقْتَ فَعَخِبْنَالَهُ يَسْأَلُهُ وَيُصَدِّقُهُ. قَالَ : فَأَحْبِرْنِيْ عَنِ الاءِيْمَانِ ,

He (the Messenger of Allah) answered, "It is that you believe in Allah and His angels and His Books and His Messengers and in the Last Day, and in fate (qadar), both in its good and in its evil aspects."

قَالَ : أَنْ تُؤْ مِنَ بِاللهِ وَمَلاَ  ءِكَتِهِ وَكُتَبِهِ وَرُسُلِهِ وَالْيَوْمِ اْلآخِرِ وَتُؤْ مِنَ بِالْقَدَرِ خَيْرِهِ وَشَرِّهِ ,

He said, "You have spoken truly." Then he (the man) said, "Inform me about Ihsan”.

قَالَ : صَدَقْتَ : قَال: فَأَحْبِرْنِيْ عَنِ الاءِيْمَانِ الاْءِحْسَانِ ,

He (the Messenger of Allah) answered, "It is that you should serve Allah as though you could see Him, for though you cannot see Him yet He sees you."

أَنْ تَعْبُدَ اللهَ كَأَنَّكَ تَرَ اهُ فَإِنْ لَمْ تَكُنْ تَرَاهُ فَإِنَّهُ يَرَاكَ ,

He said, "Inform me about the Hour."

 قَالَ: فَأَحْبِرْنِيْ عَنِ عَنِ السَّاعَةِ ,

He (the Messenger of Allah) said, "About that the one questioned knows no more than the questioner."

قَالَ: مَاالْمَسؤُوْلُ عَنْهَا بِأَعْلَم مِنَ السَّائِلِ .

So he said, "Well, inform me about the signs thereof (i.e. of its coming)."

قَالَ: فَأَحْبِرْنِيْ عَنْ أَمَارَتِهَا ,

Said he, "They are that the slave-girl will give birth to her mistress, that you will see the barefooted ones, the naked, the destitute, the herdsmen of the sheep (competing with each other) in raising lofty buildings." Thereupon the man went off.

قَالَ: أَنْ تَلِدَ الْأَمَةُ رَبَّهَا وَأَنْ تَرَى الْحُفَاةَ الْعُرَاةَ الْعَالَةَ رِعَاءَ الشَّاءِ يَتَطَاوَلُوْنَ فِيْ الْبُنْيَانِ ثُمَّ انْطَلَقَ فَلَبِثْتُ مَلِيًّا

I waited a while, and then he (the Messenger of Allah) said, "O 'Umar, do you know who that questioner was?" I replied, "Allah and His Messenger know better”.  He said, "That was Jibril  عليه السلام. He came to teach you your religion."

ثُمَّ قَالَ: يَا عُمَرُ أَتَدْرِيْ مَنِ السَّا ئِلُ ؟ قُلْتُ : الله وَرَسُوْلُهُ أَعْلَمُ . قَالَ: فَإِنَّه خِبْرِيْلُ أَتَاكَمْ يُعَلِّكُمْ دِيْنَكُمْ
رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ

[Muslim]


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