Monday, October 10, 2011

Umrah Pillar No : 2 Circumambulation ( Tawaf )

Posted by Hashim Abd Ghani On 3:40 PM

Circumambulation (Tawaf) is the process where the people move around the Kaabah in a circular pattern for seven round continuously. Centrally positioned, the Kaabah symbolizes the constancy and eternity of God (Allah). The moving circle represents the continuous activity and transition of His creatures.

            Constancy + Movement + Discipline = Circumambulation.

The movement is as one unit, one group of people. There is no individual identification, that is, as being a man or woman, nor black or white. It is the transformation of one person into totally of a ‘people’. All of the I’s join and become a we, establishing the ummah with aim of approaching God.

Procedure Prior to Circumambulation (Tawaf)

It is a practice to undertake the following voluntary (sunat) rituals prior to circumambulation :


o   ‘Doa’ (ritual) when entering   Masjidil Haram :

اَللَّهُمَّ أَنْتَ السَّلاَمُ، وَمِنْكَ السَّلاَمَ، فَحَيِّناَ رَبَّناَ بِالسَّلاَمِ، وَأَدْخِلْناَ الْجَنَّةَ دَارَ السَّلاَمَ، تَباَرَكْتَ رَبَّناَ وَتَعاَلَيْتَ ياَ ذَالْجَلاَلِ وَالإِكْراَمِ، اَللَّهُمَّ افْتَحْ لِي أَبْوَابَ رَحْمَتِكَ وَمَغْفِرَتِكَ وَأَدْخِلْنِي فِيْهَا، بِسْمِ اللهِ وَالحَمْدُ لِلَّه، وَالصَّلاَةُ وَالسَّلاَمُ عَلَى رَسُوْلِ اللهِ، صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ

O  Allah, the Most Peaceful, only  from You come peacefulness, so let us live  in peace  and security and place us in your safe and peaceful heaven, The Most Holy and The  Supremely Exalted, that have Greatness and Excellency. O  Allah’ bestow upon me Your Compassion and  Forgiveness,  all praises for You, and peace upon our Prophet Muhammad    صلى الله عليه وسلم

  o   ‘Doa’ (ritual) when in sight upon the Kaabah :

اَللهُ أَكْبَرُ، اَللهُ أَكْبَرُ، اَللهُ أَكْبَرُ، لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيْكَ لَهُ، لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيْرٍ

O  Allah  the Most Grand, O  Allah’ the Most Grand, O  Allah’ the Most Grand. No other god to be worship with all the rightness but only You The Oneness, and no alliance for You, all Your Commandment and all Praise by You, The Most Powerful only will  happen all with Your virtues. Your   Force upon all  happenings

o   ‘Doa’ (ritual) on approaching Hajarul Aswad :
بِسْمِ الله، اَللهُ أَكْبَرُ، اَللَّهُمَّ إِيْماَناً بِكَ، وَتَصْدِيْقاً بِكِتاَبِكَ، وَوَفاَءً بِعَهْدِكَ، وَاتِّباَعاً لِسُنَّةِ نَبِيِّكَ مُحَمَّدٍ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ

With the  saying  of your name The Almighty, O Allah,  I perform the tawaf  because my faithfulness to You, due to the truthfulness of Your Kitab and to fulfill Your Promises and according the ‘Sunnah’ of Your Prophet Mohammed  صلى الله عليه وسلم

Obligatory Terms for Circumambulation :

o   To be with Ablutions.
o   Cleanliness of body, dress and tawaf square from filth.
o   Genitals not exposed.
o   Starting with ‘niat’ (intention) and Finishing  from/after Hajarul Aswad.
o   ‘Baitullah/Kaabah’ on your left side.
o   Circling with the only intention of ‘tawaf’ and none other.
o   To complete 7 rounds with confident.
o   Tawaf in Masjidil Haram , around ‘Baitullah’ and out of Hijir Ismail.

 Voluntary Terms for Circumambulation :

o   Walking/By foot.
o   Exposed right shoulder (“Ittibak”) for man.
o   Light jogging for the first three round for man.
o   ‘Istilam’ (waving your right hand) towards Hajarul Aswad followed with kissing your hand and ‘Istilam’ at Rukun Yamani but without kissing your hand.
o   Citing the  rituals during circling.
o   Circling 7 round consecutively.
o   Prayer of 2 units after tawaf facing al Multazam.

Process of Circumambulation
Circumambulation Process :

During the circumambulation process it is advisable to recite rituals (doa) as a request to Allah   سبحا نه وتعالى , it is a voluntary undertaking and the ritual verses may vary accordingly  to the school of thought.


The process is as following :

a.         Silent  statement declaration of Intention ( niat )  to be cited in our heart  before crossing the green light boundary of Hajarul Aswad ( Black Stone ) corner.


اَللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أُرِيْدَ طَواَفَ بَيْتِكَ الْحَراَمِ سَبْعَةَ أَشْواَطٍ طَواَفَ الْعُمْرَةِ لِلَّهِ تَعاَلَى

“Only I to ‘tawaf’ (circumambulation) ‘Baitullah’ (the House of Allah) seven round Tawaf Umrah so please help me and receive it because of Allah Ta’ala”
  
b.         Starting the Tawaf


(1)  ‘Istilam’ toward Hajarul Aswad.

(2) To be repeated at start of very round and end of tawaf

   ِسْمِ اللهِ، اَللهُ أَكْبَرُ، وَلِلَّهِ الْحَمْدُ(3x)

In the Name of Allah, the Greatest, all praise and thanks are Allah’s

c.          Ritual during the circular round of ‘Baitullah’ ( House of Allah/Kaabah ). To be ctied between Hajarul Aswad ( Black Stone ) until Rukun Yamani : 

No
Circling
Ritual

1

1st Round

أَسْتَغْفِرُ اللهَ الْعَظِيْمَ، اَلَّذِي لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ هُوَ الْحَيُّ الْقَيُّوْمُ وَأَتُوْبُ إِلَيْهِ

 I request forgiveness from Allah the Magnificent , no other God but Him, The Ever Enduring and Immutable, The Unattainable, , The Everlasting, and I repent myself towards Him

2

2nd Round

لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيْكَ لَهُ، لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ يُحْيِيْ وَيُمِيْتُ، بِيَدِهِ الْخَيْرُ، إِنَّكَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيْرٌ
 There is no other god than Allah the One, the Everlasting, The Owner of All Sovereignty and all praise for Him. The Giver of life, The Ever Living. The Most Kind and Righteous, and the Almighty.

3

3rd
Round

وَإلَهُكُمْ إِلَهٌ وَاحِدٌ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ هُوَ الرَّحْمَنُ الرَّحِيمُ

“And our God (Allah), is One, none who has the right to be worshipped but He, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful”

4

4th
Round

سُبْحاَنَ رَبِّيَ الْعَظِيْمِ وَبِحَمْدِهِ

 The Most Holy of The Magnificent and The All Praiseworthy

5

5th
Round

لاَ حَوْلَ وَلاَ قُوَّةَ إِلاَّ بِاللهِ الْعَلِيِّ الْعَظِيْمِ

 No effort and power from me except with the permission of Allah The Supremely Exalted and The Sovereign

6





6th
Round





قُلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَدٌ (١)اللَّهُ الصَّمَدُ (٢)لَمْ يَلِدْ وَلَمْ يُولَدْ (٣)
وَلَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ كُفُوًا أَحَدٌ (٤)

Say (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم   ) “He is Allah, (the) One.(1) Allah (the Self-Sufficient Master, Whom all creatures need. (He neither eats nor drinks).(2) He begets not, nor was He begotten.(3) And there is none co-equal or comparable to Him.(4). (Al Iklas 113)

7


7th
Round



رَبَّنَا آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَفِي الآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ، وَأَدْخِلْناَ الْجَنَّةَ مَعَ اْلأَبْراَرِ، ياَ عَزِيْزُ ياَ غَفاَّرُ ياَ رَبَّ الْعاَلَمِيْنَ

“ Our Lord! Give us in this world that which is good and  in the Hereafter that which is good, and save us from the torment of the Fire!,  Our Lord, the Most Kind and Righteous, The Almighty, the Exalter, the Lord of ‘Alamin’ (mankind, jinn and all that exists

d.            ‘Doa’ from Rukun Yamani – Hajarul Aswad.


رَبَّنَا آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَفِي الآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ، وَأَدْخِلْناَ الْجَنَّةَ مَعَ اْلأَبْراَرِ، ياَ عَزِيْزُ ياَ غَفاَّرُ ياَ رَبَّ الْعاَلَمِيْنَ

“ Our Lord! Give us in this world that which is good and  in the Hereafter that which is good, and save us from the torment of the Fire!,  Our Lord, the Most Kind and Righteous, The Almighty, the Exalter, the Lord of ‘Alamin’ (mankind, jinn and all that exists).

e.            Ending of Tawaf


(1)  Istilam toward Hajarul  Aswad

(2) End of tawaf after passing the      ‘Green Light’

  ِسْمِ اللهِ، اَللهُ أَكْبَرُ، وَلِلَّهِ الْحَمْدُ   
(3x)
In the Name of Allah, the Greatest, all praise and thanks are Allah’s


f.       After the circumambulation, it is advisable again the following voluntary rituals :
(1) To recite the ‘doa’ infront of the Multazam.

(2) To undertake two units of voluntary prayer (solat) and ‘doa’ behind the Post of  Prophet Ibrahim عليه السلام .

(3) To drink ‘Zam-Zam’ water.

Post of Prophet Ibrahim

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