إِنَّ أَوَّلَ بَيْتٍ وُضِعَ لِلنَّاسِ لَلَّذِي بِبَكَّةَ مُبَارَكًا وَهُدًى لِلْعَالَمِينَ (٩٦)
Verify, the first House (of worship) appointed for men was that at Bakkah (Makkah), full of blessing and of guidance for all kinds of beings. (Al Imran 3:96)
|The Holy Kaabah|
The Kaabah (literally "the cube" in Arabic) is an ancient granite stone structure that was built and re-built by prophets as a house of monotheistic worship. It is located inside Masjidil Haram, the Grand Mosque in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. The Kaabah is considered the center of the Muslim world, and is a unifying focal point for Islamic worship. Worshippers in the Masjidil Haram pray in Concentric circles around the Kaabah.
According to the Qur'an, historically the Kaabah was built by the Prophet Ibrahim عليه السلام and his son, Ismail عليه السلام as a house of monotheistic worship. However, by the time of Muhammad, the Kaabah had been taken over by pagan Arabs to house their numerous tribal gods. In 630 A.D., Prophet Muhammadصلى الله عليه وسلم and his followers took over leadership of Makkah after years of persecution. Prophet Muhammadصلى الله عليه وسلم destroyed the idols inside the Kaabah and re-dedicated it as a house of monotheistic worship.
The four corners of the Kaabah roughly point toward the four cardinal directions of the compass :
• Hajarul Aswad, "the Black Stone", in eastern corner.
• Rukun Iraqi, "the Iraqi corner", in northern corner.
• Rukun Shami, "the Syam corner or the Levantine corner",
in western corner.
• Rukun Yamani "the Yemeni corner", in southern corner.
There is also a semi-circular wall composed of white marble opposite, but not connected to, the north-west wall of the Kaabah known as the Hijir Ismail. At one time the space lying between the Hijir Ismail and the Kaabah belonged to the Kaabah itself, and for this reason it is not entered during the tawaf.
The Kaabah is covered by a black silk and gold curtain known as the kiswah, which is replaced annually during the hajj. Two-thirds of the way up is a band of gold embroidered Qur'anic text, including the Shahada, the Islamic declaration of faith.
In 1979 the 300 kg gold doors made by chief artist Ahmad bin Ibrahim Badr, replaced the old silver doors made by his father, Ibrahim Badr in 1942. Inside the Kaabah, the floor is made of marble and limestone
|Diagramatic Layout of The Holy Kaabah|
1. Hajarul Aswad (Black Stone).
3. Golden rainwater spout. Added in the rebuilding of 1627 after the
previous year's rain caused three of the four walls to collapse.
4. Syazarwan (Gutter), added in 1627 to protect the foundation
5. Hijir Ismail, a low wall originally part of the Kaabah. Pilgrims do not
walk in the area between this wall and the Kaabah.
6. Al-Multazam, the part of the wall between the Black Stone and
the entry door.
7. Post of Ibrahim عليه السلام. Ibrahim عليه السلام is said to have stood
on this stone during the construction of the upper parts of the
Kaabah, raising Ismail عليه السلام on his shoulders for the uppermost parts.
8. Hajar Aswad (Corner of the Black Stone).
9. Rukun Yamani (Corner of Yemen).
10. Rukun Syami (Corner of Syria).
11. Rukun Iraqi (Corner of Iraq).
12. Kiswah, the embroidered covering, replaced annually.
13. Marble stripe marking the beginning and end of each circumambulation,
but now replaced with green light on the wall adjacent to Hajarul Aswad.
14. Post of Jibril عليه السلام .
Categories: Umrah Guidance