Sunday, October 2, 2011

The Hajj - Ali Shariati

Posted by Hashim Abd Ghani On 9:12 AM

The Hajj pilgrimage season is in progress and millions of Muslim will be congregating in Makkah and Madinah, the two holy land of Islam. In essence, hajj is  man’s evolution toward Allah. It is a symbolic demonstration of the philosophy of Prophet Adam    عليه السلم. To further  illustrate this, it may be stated that the performance of hajj is a simultaneous show of many things, it is a show of creation, a show of history, a show of unity, a show of Islamic ideology and a show of ummah.  

Most of today’s Muslims take their bodies, their physical wherewithal to hajj; very few Muslims take their minds and the reasoning to hajj. Here is where Shariati’s Hajj stands out. He made sense out of the actions, activities and etiquettes of hajj. He tries to explain the symbolism of hajj. He tells us that we exemplify a duty or a responsibility  by everything we do in hajj. The larger tasks of life are expressed in  the movements and  motions  of conscientious Muslims who should know better than to go to hajj and reduce it to human stampede that is driven by instinct and not stimulated by thought.

Allahyarham ALI SHARIATI had a dynamic influence on the young people of Iran with his lectures  and writings during the 1960s and 1970s, which contributed much to the 1979 Islamic Revolution of Iran. A sociologist, educated in Mashhad and Paris, he was also a student  of history and philosophy. He subjected contemporary society to critical examination, using the terms, experiences and concepts found in Islamic philosophy for his analysis.

He was imprisoned  by the Shah regime in the 1970s and later he moved to London where, on June 19, 1977, he passed away  under mysterious circumstances. His works among others are On Sociology Islam, Marxism and Other Western Fallacies, The History of Religion, Existentialism and Martyrdom.

The contents :

a.      Part 1 : The Lesser Pilgrimage :

·         Rejecting an Empty Philosophy.
·         Reaching towards God.
·         Entering Miqat and Becoming One.
·         Niyyah : Declaring Your Intention.
·         Praying in Miqat.
·         Muharramat : Avioding Certain Actions.
·         The Ka’abah.
·         Circumambulation (Tawaf).
·         Allegiance and the Black Stone (Hajr al-Aswad).
·         Ibrahim’s Position (Maqam Ibrahim).
·         Between Tawaf and Sa’y.
·         The End of Sa’y (Taqsir).

b.      Part II : The Greater Pilgrimage :

·         The Greater Pilgrimage.
·         Arafat.
·         Mash’ar.
·         Mina.
·         The Battlefront.
·         Sacrifice.
·         Sacrifice of Ismail.
·         The Dialogue between the Farther and Son.
·         The Three Idols : Symbols of Trinity.
·         The ’Id.
·         The Delay in Mina.
·         Consequent Attacks after the  ‘Id.
·         The Last Message.
·         Conclusion.

Hajj Pilgrimage 1885

Author : Ali Shariati
Translated from the Persian by Ali A. Behzad & Najla Denny (Somayyah & Yasser)

Islamic Book Trust, Kuala Lumpur – Edition 2003 Reprint 2010
Price : RM51.90


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