Wednesday, September 28, 2011

Umrah Pillar No 1 : Declaration of Umrah Intention (Niat)

Posted by Hashim Abd Ghani On 12:08 AM
Declaration of intention to perform Umrah must be cited silently within your heart, and simultaneously can be verbally pronounced. The intention must be cited at the pre- determined miqats  according to muslim rules (syariat).

Preparation and preconditioning oneself to reposed must taken at home before the embarkation to umrah/hajj pilgrimage. The knowledge, procedures  and the know-how to perform umrah/hajj  must be  acquired before-hand.

I am relating this embarkation from my home state, Terengganu, Malaysia, because the miqat undertaken will be determined from your direction of embarkation. The undertaking of umrah intention will depend the initial point of entrance either into Makkah or Madinah. From this point, then only the miqat can be determined :

·         Point of entrance Makkah : the Miqat Makani (time) taken will be Qarnul Manazil (for pilgrims from eastern region) will be undertaken in the plane about 35 minutes before touchdown at Jeddah airport. Normally the pilot will announce for us to undertake the intention or‘niat’. If your point of entrance is different, please refer to the pre-detemined miqats established.

·         Point of entrance, Maddinah : the miqat will be at Bir Ali Mosque, Dzulhulaifah.

·         Once in Makkah : for the successive umrah, the miqats taken will as determined in the rules (syariat) of Islam; Al-Tan`eim, Al-Jakra’anah and Al-Hudaibiyah.

The first step started from your home, to undertake the following voluntary  (‘sunat’) prayer (solat) and rituals :

-          Traveller’s  bath.
-          Two units (rakaat) traveller’s of prayer (solat) followed by the (traveller ritual verses (‘doa’).
-          Ritual (‘doa’) before going out from your house.
-          Ritual for travelling on a vehicle.
-          Ritual before the plane airborne.
-          Obligatory (fardhu) prayers  must be adhered accordingly while travelling on the plane (i.e. in due respect  of the prescribed prayers time). The replacement (qada’) can be done when time and place permits.

The daily 5 obligatory (fardhu) prayers can be shorten and combined (‘qasar & jamak’) accordingly while on the journey until the destination :- Jeddah and Madinah.

The umrah pilgrimage  will start with the following undertaking :

-          Before entering the miqat ( either at home or Madinah, depending on your point of entrance into Makkah) :

·         To take voluntary ihram bath before wearing the ihram garment.
·         To be ihram garment (two pieces white robes only for men, and for the women it is necessary to cover or expose  your ‘aurat’.

-          At the miqat :

·         Perform two units (rakaat) ihram prayer  (solat).
·         Declaration of your intention (niat):
§  Basically, as a guide the wording for declaration for umrah intention (niat) will be :

§  “Only I to perform Umrah and to be in state of ‘Ihram’ because of Allah تعالى

" نَوَيْتُ العُمْرَةَ وَأَحْرَمْتُ بِهاَ لِلَّهِ تَعاَلَى "

·         To be the state of ihram and adhered to the prohibitions.

Do not cover your head
Do not wear sewed garment/clothing
Do not cover your face
Man & Woman
Do not wear gloves
Man & Woman
Do not use or smell perfume
Man & Woman
Do not cut or pull your hair
Man & Woman
Do not use hair cream or make-up
Man & Woman
Do not clip your nails
Man & Woman
Do not indulge in sexual intercourse
Man & Woman
Do not initiate in sexual intercourse
Men & Women
Do not marry or participate in marriage
Man & Woman
Do not break or de-root plants within ‘haram’ boundary
Man & Woman
Do not hunt within ‘haram’ boundary
Man & Woman

 -          While on the journey into Makkah, say  the ‘Talbiah’ ritual :

لَبَّيْكَ اللَّهُمَّ لَبَّيْكَ،
( Your sevant is coming upon Your call)
لَبَّيْكَ لاَ شَرِيْكَ لَكَ لَبَّيْكَ
( Yes my Lord Your servant is coming upon Your call)
إِنَّ الْحَمْدَ وَالنِّعْمَةَ لَكَ وَالْمُلْكَ
(Praise , blessings, and the Kingdom is for You)
لاَ شَرِيْكَ لَكَ
( There is none like You)

-          After the ‘talbiah’ ritual, it is voluntary to recite ‘selawat’ to our
 Prophet Muhammad صلي الله عليه وسلم                      


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