Wednesday, August 17, 2011

What is Umrah

Posted by Hashim Abd Ghani On 6:04 PM


Umrah or (Arabic: عمرة) is a pilgrimage to Mecca, Saudi Arabia, performed by Muslims that can be undertaken at any time of the year. In Arabic, Umrah means "to visit a populated place". As a technical term used in the ‘syarak’, Umrah means to perform Tawaf round the Kaabah and Saei between Al-Safa and Al-Marwah, in accordance to all conditions of the Umrah Pillars and compulsory rituals. The state of Umrah will activated after assuming Ihram (a prohibition state), from any of the  Miqats that have been established in Islam.

In Hadith as related by Bukhari dan Muslim with the meaning from Qatadah, " I asked Anas bin Malik. How many times did  Rasulullah  صلى الله عليه وسلم  performed umrah? Anas said : Four times " :-

•         Umrah Hudaibiyah-6 Hijrah during the month of Zulkaedah. (not able to performed due  to interruption by the Quraisy barricading Rasulullah  صلى الله عليه وسلم and 100,000 ‘Sahabat’ from entering Makkah).

•        Umrah Qada' replacing Umrah Hudaibiyah - 7 Hijrah during the month  of   Zulkaedah.

•        Umrah Jara'nah, aftermath the Battle  Hunain (Ghanimah).

•        Umrah performed during Haji period.

Commandment of  Allah SWT :

وَأَتِمُّوا الْحَجَّ وَالْعُمْرَةَ لِلَّهِ فَإِنْ أُحْصِرْتُمْ فَمَا اسْتَيْسَرَ مِنَ الْهَدْيِ وَلا تَحْلِقُوا رُءُوسَكُمْ حَتَّى يَبْلُغَ الْهَدْيُ مَحِلَّهُ فَمَنْ كَانَ مِنْكُمْ مَرِيضًا أَوْ بِهِ أَذًى مِنْ رَأْسِهِ فَفِدْيَةٌ مِنْ صِيَامٍ أَوْ صَدَقَةٍ أَوْ نُسُكٍ فَإِذَا أَمِنْتُمْ فَمَنْ تَمَتَّعَ بِالْعُمْرَةِ إِلَى الْحَجِّ فَمَا اسْتَيْسَرَ مِنَ الْهَدْيِ فَمَنْ لَمْ يَجِدْ فَصِيَامُ ثَلاثَةِ أَيَّامٍ فِي الْحَجِّ وَسَبْعَةٍ إِذَا رَجَعْتُمْ تِلْكَ عَشَرَةٌ كَامِلَةٌ ذَلِكَ لِمَنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ أَهْلُهُ حَاضِرِي الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ شَدِيدُ الْعِقَابِ (١٩٦)

‘And perform properly (i.e. all the ceremonies according to the ways of  Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم ) the Hajj and Umrah (i.e. the pilgrimage to Makkah) for Allah. But if you are prevented (from completing them), sacrifice a Hady (animals, i.e. sheep, cow or a camel) such as you can afford, and do not shave your heads until the Hady reaches the place of sacrifice. And whosoever of you is ill or has an ailment in his scalp (necessitating shaving), he must pay a Fidyah (ransom) of either observing Saum (fast) (three days) or giving Sadaqah (charity - feeding six poor persons) or offering sacrifice (one sheep). Then if you are in safety and whosoever performs the Umrah in the months of Hajj, before (performing) the Hajj, (i.e. Hajj-at-Tamattuk and Al Qiran), he must slaughter a Hady such as he can afford, but if cannot afford it,  he should observe Saum (fast) three days during the Hajj and seven days after his return (to his home), making ten days in all. This is for him whose family is not present at Al-Masjid-Al-Haram (i.e. non-resident of Makkah). And fear Allah much and know that Allah is Severe in punishment’.
 "( Al Baqarah : 196 )"}

{Dan sempurnakanlah Ibadat Haji dan Umrah kerana Allah; maka sekiranya kamu dikepong (dan dihalang daripada menyempurnakannya ketika kamu sudah berihram, maka kamu bolehlah bertahallul serta) sembelihlah Dam Yang mudah didapati; dan janganlah kamu mencukur kepala kamu (untuk bertahallul), sebelum binatang Dam itu sampai (dan disembelih) di tempatnya. maka sesiapa di antara kamu sakit atau terdapat sesuatu Yang menyakiti di kepalanya (lalu ia mencukur rambutnya), hendaklah ia membayar fidyah. Iaitu berpuasa, atau bersedekah, atau menyembelih Dam. kemudian apabila kamu berada kembali dalam keadaan aman, maka sesiapa yang mahu menikmati kemudahan dengan mengerjakan Umrah, (dan terus menikmati kemudahan itu) hingga masa (mengerjakan) Ibadat Haji, (bolehlah ia melakukannya kemudian wajiblah ia) menyembelih Dam yang mudah didapati. kalau ia tidak dapat (mengadakan Dam), maka hendaklah ia berpuasa tiga hari dalam masa mengerjakan Haji dan tujuh hari lagi apabila kamu kembali (ke tempat masing-masing); semuanya itu sepuluh (hari)  cukup sempurna. Hukum ini ialah bagi orang yang tidak tinggal menetap (di sekitar) Masjid Al-Haraam (Makkah). dan hendaklah kamu bertaqwa kepada Allah; dan ketahuilah bahawasanya Allah Maha beratbalasan seksaNya (terhadap orang-orang Yang melanggar perintahNya). "( Al Baqarah : 196 )"}

To perform Umrah once in a lifetime is compulsory for followers of Mazhab  Iman Shafie and in Mazhab Hanafi it is is not compulsory but highly recommended (sunat muakkad).


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