|Al Nabawi Mosque - The Green Dome|
( Texts extract from Wikipedia - the free encyclopedia )
Al Madinah al Munawwarah ( “The Radiant City” or “ the Enlightened City" ) is the second holiest city in Islam, and the burial place of the Prohet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم, and it is historically significant for being his home after the Hijrah. Madina is home to the three oldest mosques in Islam, namely; Al-Masjid al-Nabawi (The Prophet's Mosque),Quba Mosque (the first mosque in Islam's history), and Masjid al-Qiblatain (the mosque where the qibla was switched to Mecca). The Islamaic calendar is based on the emigration of Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم and his followers to the city of Madinah, which marks the start of the Hijri year in 622 CE, called Hijra (هجرة). Similarly to Mecca, entrance to Medina is restricted to Muslims only; non-Muslims are neither permitted to enter nor travel through the city. Mecca and Madinah are the only two places where the Noble Quran was revealed.
Madina is celebrated for containing the mosque of Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم and also as the city which gave refuge to him and his followers, and so ranks as the second holiest city of Islam, after Mecca). Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم was buried in Madinah, under the Green Dome, as were the first two Rashidun (Rightly Guided Caliphs), Abu Bakar and Umar, who were buried in an adjacent area in the Nabawi mosque.
|صلى الله عليه وسلم Tomb of Prophet Muhammad|
Sahih Bukhari says;
“ Narrated Anas: The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said, "Madinah is a sanctuary from that place to that. Its trees should not be cut and no heresy should be innovated nor any sin should be committed in it, and whoever innovates in it an heresy or commits sins (bad deeds), then he will incur the curse of Allah, the angels, and all the people."