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Posted by Hashim Abd Ghani On 3:23 PM
|Ghar al-Thawr : Summit of Jabal Thar|
During Umrah pilgrimmage, the Jemaah will be brought to various historical location surrounding Makkah. All these locations were related to the early period when Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم was preaching Islam to the Quriash Of Makkah.
One of the location is the cave known as Ghar (cave) al-Thawr, situated on Jabal Thawr is the name of a mountain rises about 760 meters above sea level in Saudi Arabia located in the lower part of Makkah to the south of the district of Misfalah. During the Hijrah, Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم and Abu Bakar رضي الله عنه took refuge in the cave, with the help of Abu Bakar’s رضي الله عنه family and slave.
Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم and Abu Bakar رضي الله عنه sought refuge for three days and nights from the Quriash, as they left Makkah and emigrated to Madinah. When the Quraish came to look for them, Abu Bakar رضي الله عنه worriedly told Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم that they were only two people, but Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم assured him that Allah سبحانه وتعالى was the third in the cave. When the Quraish reached the cave, they thought that nobody could go to a cave with a spider web spread across the entrance and birds nesting near it. The pursuers thought it was impossible that someone could have entered the cave without ruining the spider web.
- When the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم and Abu Bakar رضي الله عنه arrived at the cave on Mount Thawr, Abu Bakar رضي الله عنه entered first to clear away anything that might injure the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم. He found a few holes and stuffed them with pieces of cloth. The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم then entered and went to sleep on Abu Bakar’s رضي الله عنه lap. Suddenly, something stung Abu Bakar’s رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُمَا foot, but he did not twitch, fearing he would wake the Prophet. The pain was so intense that tears began to run down his cheeks and onto the Prophet’s صلى الله عليه وسلم face. The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم woke up and saw that Abu Bakar رضي الله عنه was in pain. He applied his spittle on the injury and the pain disappeared.
- For three consecutive nights the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم and Abu Bakar رضي الله عنه remained hidden in the cave. During this period, Abu Bakar’s رضي الله عنه son, Abdullah, would pass his nights nearby. The young man would return to Makkah very early in the morning so that the Quraish had no idea that he had slept elsewhere. Each day in Makkah he collected information about the activities of the Quraish, and each night went back to Jabal Thawr to inform the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم and his father Abu Bakar رضي الله عنه .
- Abu Bakar’s رضي الله عنه slave, Amir bin Fuhayra رضي الله عنه , would graze Abu Bakar’s رضي الله عنه goats near the cave so that both men could drink fresh milk. Early the next morning Amir would drive the goats back to Makkah along the same route that Abu Bakar’s رضي الله عنه son took, to obscure his footprints.
- When they were inside Allah سبحانه وتعالى sent a spider to spin a web from a bush across the entrance to the cave. Allah سبحانه وتعالى also commanded two doves to fly down between the spider and the tree, make a nest and lay eggs. Meanwhile the Quraish search party scoured the area south of Makkah where the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم and Abu Bakar رضي الله عنه where hiding. They came upon the mouth of the cave, and had they looked down while standing at the edge of the cave, they would have surely found the men they were hunting.
- With the Quraish so close to discovering their hiding place, Abu Bakar رضي الله عنه became very tense about the Prophet’s صلى الله عليه وسلم safety. The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم reassured him, “How can you be apprehensive about two with whom is a third, especially when the third one is Allah سبحانه وتعالى ?”
- On seeing the spider’s web and dove nest, the Quraish concluded that no one could have entered the cave and left. Describing this scene the Quran mentions in Surah At-Taubah :
ِلاَّ تَنصُرُوهُ فَقَدْ نَصَرَهُ اللّهُ إِذْ أَخْرَجَهُ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ ثَانِيَ اثْنَيْنِ إِذْ هُمَا فِي الْغَارِ إِذْ يَقُولُ لِصَاحِبِهِ لاَ تَحْزَنْ إِنَّ اللّهَ مَعَنَا فَأَنزَلَ اللّهُ سَكِينَتَهُ عَلَيْهِ وَأَيَّدَهُ بِجُنُودٍ لَّمْ تَرَوْهَا وَجَعَلَ كَلِمَةَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ السُّفْلَى وَكَلِمَةُ اللّهِ هِيَ الْعُلْيَا
وَاللّهُ عَزِيزٌ حَكِيمٌ
“If you help him ( Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم ),not (it does not matter): for Allah did indeed help him, when the disbelievers drove him out : the second of the two ; when they (Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم and Abu Bakar رضي الله عنه ) were in the cave, he (صلى الله عليه وسلم ) said to his companion ( Abu Bakar رضي الله عنه): “Be not sad (or afraid),surely Allah is with us.” Then Allah sent down His Sakinah (calmness, tranquility, peace) upon him, and strengthen him with forces (angels) which you saw not, and make word of those who disbelieved and the lowermost, while the Words of Allah that became the uppermost; and Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise [9:40]
- After three days when they learnt that the search by the Quraish had petered out left the cave and headed towards Yathrib (Madinah). Asma رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُمَا , the daughter of Abu Bakar رضي الله عنه came to them bringing food for the journey. When they were about to start she could find nothing to tie it to their saddles with and so she undid her waistband, tore it in two, wore half and tied the food with the other half. This ready solution won her praise from the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم who also named her ‘She of the two waistband’. And ever after that the Muslims knew her by that name.
|Entrance of Ghar al-Thawr|
1. When the Moon Split – Shaikh Safiur-Rahman Mubarakpuri, The Life of Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) – Tahia Al-Ismail.
2. Translation of the meanings of The Noble Qur’ân in the English Language by Dr Muhammad Taqî-ud-Dîn al-Hilâlî and Dr Muhammad Muhsin Khân.
3. Goggle Earth Image.
Thursday, February 6, 2014
Posted by Hashim Abd Ghani On 10:43 PM
|Replication of Prophet Muhammad's صل اللة علية وسيلم House|
"The picture shows a replication of Prophet Muhammad's صل اللة علية وسيلم House. The model of the house was built to give people a glimpse of the way the Prophet صل اللة علية وسيلم lived. This house is just a part of a bigger exhibition of the life of the prophet (peace be upon him). The house was reproduced based on authentic narrations that describe the Prophet's صل اللة علية وسيلم house. The Exhibition is held in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia" — with Syd Hsbzddn, Umme Kawsar, Muhajir Ibn Sultan and Hussin Rohani.
Monday, December 9, 2013
Posted by Hashim Abd Ghani On 2:50 PM
Celebrated with enthusiasm across Sarawak both in cities and rural villages, Gawai Dayak is a multi-day festival to honor the indigenous people. Gawai Dayak translates to "Dayak Day"; the Dayak people include the Iban, Bidayuh, Kayan, Kenyah, Kelabit and Murut tribes which once roamed Sarawak and relieved unsuspecting traders of their heads.
Although steeped in headhunting traditions of the past, the only head removed these days during Gawai Dayak belongs to a chicken sacrificed to honor a successful rice harvest.
More than just a touristy demonstration of indigenous culture for tourists, Gawai Dayak is celebrated with genuine joy and enthusiasm. Weddings take place, singing and toasts fill the air, and families are reunited with one another after being separated all year.
The History of Gawai Dayak
The traditions celebrated during Gawai Dayak are ancient, but the holiday is not. The firstGawai Dayak festival took place in 1965 after several years of renewed cultural pride within the oppressed Dayak community. When first asked to create a public holiday in celebration of the Dayak people in Sarawak, the colonial government refused; they were afraid that other minority groups would make similar demands. Instead, the government declared June 1 as "Sarawak Day". Eventually, once Sarawak was awarded independence, the holiday was officially changed to Gawai Dayak.
The Traditional Gawai Dayak Ceremony
Unless advertised otherwise, the opening ceremonies for Gawai Dayak in villages are typically closed to tourists. The festival begins on the evening of May 31 with traditional music andMuai Antu Rua - a ritual aimed at keeping the spirit of greed from ruining the celebration. During Muai Antu Rua two men drag a basket along the longhouse; families in each room throw clothing and household items into the basket. The basket is later dumped on the ground as a "sacrifice" to prevent interference from evil spirits.
At sundown, the festival chief sacrifices a chicken to show thanks for a good harvest and to ask the same for next year's rice harvest. Dinner - usually accompanied by bamboo-steamed rice and sweet cakes made from coconut milk - is served after the sacrifice. Just before midnight a procession known as the Ngalu Petara passes by seven times to welcome the friendly spirit gods to the festival. At midnight, the festival chief holds a toast with tuak - locally-brewed rice wine - for long life. The festival turns into an informal free-for-all following the toast with dancing, singing, and drinking.
What to Expect During Gawai Dayak
Once the previous night's formal ceremonies finish, tourists are invited to visit on June 1. Activities differ between longhouses; some allow tourists to shoot traditional blowpipe gunsor to watch cockfights. No matter the locale, visitors are always greeted with a shot of strong rice wine; drink up or find a place to hide it - refusing is impolite!
Iban and Dayak homes are opened during Gawai Dayak, allowing visitors a glimpse of daily life. Tourists are invited to wear colorful costumes for photos, participate in traditional dances, and sample delicious cakes and treats.
Witnessing the Gawai Dayak Festival
Although celebrated all over Sarawak in Borneo, your best bet for seeing Gawai Dayak festivities is near the capital of Kuching. The Sarawak Cultural Village - the same venue used annually for the Rainforest Music Festival - is a popular and convenient place for tourists to learn more about indigenous culture. Kuching typically holds a celebration on May 31 at the Civic Centre which includes dinner, dancing, and even a beauty pageant.
Do not expect to arrive on May 31 to join the Gawai Dayak celebration; Kuching is busier than ever with parades and demonstrations along the waterfront that begin a week prior to Gawai Dayak.
Another option for the more adventurous is to make your way up the river from Sibu to the small village of Kapit and arrange for a visit to a local family's traditional longhouse.
There is a push within the Dayak community to unify the celebration, however for now Gawai Dayak remains mostly incongruous with each longhouse holding separate events and itineraries. Do not expect any less from the festival - as many as 30 families can occupy a single longhouse!
· Read more about getting around Sarawak.
Gawai Dayak in Modern Times
Forget the romantic stereotypes - not all of Sarawak's indigenous people still live in longhouses or choose to don a traditional costume during Gawai Dayak. Many Dayak people have moved from their rural homes into the cities in search of work. Urban Dayak communities may choose to celebrate their holiday simply by taking time off work - a rare occasion - to visit family outside of the city. Christian Dayaks often attend mass at a church and then celebrate with dinner in a restaurant.
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